PHD 

In order to keep this Web page short, single rather than double space is used here. See Bibliography Sample Page for a properly double-spaced Bibliography or Works Write source grade 6 pdf sample page.

Works cites, References or Bibliography? What is a Rhetorical Analysis Essay? What is an Annotated Bibliography? Bibliography or Works Cited sample page. Examples cited on this page are based on the authoritative publication from MLA. Format for entries: A single space is used after any punctuation mark. When dividing a long word or URL onto two lines, put a hyphen, slash, or period at the end of the line.

Do not add a hyphen to a URL that was not originally there. Never begin a new line with a punctuation mark. Double-space all lines in a bibliography entry. When writing a bibliography, remember that the purpose is to communicate to the reader, in a standardized manner, the sources that you have used in sufficient detail to be identified.

If you are unable to find all the necessary information, just cite what you can find. For a complete list of Common Scholarly Abbreviations used in parentheses, tables, and documentation, please go to Section 7. No place of publication indicated. New York: New American, 2001. The Price of Loyalty: George W. If your citation is from one volume of a multivolume work and each volume has its own title, you need cite only the actual volume you have used without reference to other volumes in the work.

5 volumes, written by Peter Gay. New York: Oxford UP, 1986. Calvesi, Maurizio, and Lorenzo Canova, eds. Heath, Joseph, and Andrew Potter.

Llewellyn, Marc, and Lee Mylne. Summers, Anthony, and Robbyn Swan. Clancy, Tom, Carl Stiner, and Tony Koltz. Hewitt, Les, Andrew Hewitt, and Luc d’Abadie. Deerfield Beach, FL: Health Communications, 2005. Joel Colton, and Lloyd Kramer. Baker, Ronenn Roubenoff, and Lawrence Lindner.

Richard Dionne, Jay Myers, and James Musson, eds. Rogerson, Holly Deemer, et al. Pittsburgh, PA: U of Pittsburgh P, 1989. O’Reilly, James, Larry Habegger, and Sean O’Reilly, comps. San Francisco: Travellers’ Tales, 1999. Jaya Chaliha and Edward Le Joly. Liberty Is Order, Liberty Is Strength.

3,000 Years of Wisdom on the Art of Manly Virtue. James O’Reilly, Larry Habegger, and Sean O’Reilly. If the encyclopedia is well known and articles are arranged alphabetically, it is not necessary to indicate the volume and page numbers. If the encyclopedia is not well known, you must give full publication information including author, title of article, title of encyclopedia, name of editor or edition, number of volumes in the set, place of publication, publisher and year of publication. 100 Years of Dust and Glory. Celestica to Repair Palm Handhelds. E-Money Slips Quietly into Oblivion.

Smoked Up in the Past Year. Secondhand Smoke Reduces Kids’ IQs. A1, contains more than one page, but paging is not consecutive. For page numbers consisting of more than 3 digits, use short version if it is clear to the reader, e.

220-268 may be written as 220-68, but 349-560 must be written in full. Note also that there is no period after the month. If there are 4 or less letters in the month, e. May, June, and July, the months are not abbreviated. If the publication date is July 18, 2005, citation will be 18 July 2005. Where a newspaper title does not indicate the location of publication, add the city of publication between square brackets, e.

If the article is accessed online, add Access date and URL at the end. Microsoft and Sun Settle Java Battle. Women, Islam, and the New Iraq. Bird Flu Targeting the Young. Iranian President Defends Country’s Nuclear Ambitions. Quick Fixes for Everyday Disasters. Fight Flu with Good, Old Advice from Mom.

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