Please forward under the banyan tree pdf error screen to 70. The Great Banyan tree in its entirety.

Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden, Howrah, near Kolkata, India. The branches of the Banyan tree. Botanically known as Ficus benghalensis, and belonging to the family Moraceae, the tree is a native of India. The fruit is like a small fig but is not edible and is red when ripe. The Great Banyan tree is over 250 years old, and its date of birth is doubtful. There is no clear history of the tree as to the time of planting etc.

It survived two great cyclones in 1864 and 1867, when some of its main branches were broken. Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden – Howrah 2011-01-08 9724. Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden – Howrah 2011-01-08 9723. Great Banyan Tree – Howrah 2011-02-20 1661. Great Banyan Tree – Howrah 2011-02-20 1675. Wikimedia Commons has media related to The Great Banyan.

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This article cites its sources but its page references ranges are too broad. Page ranges should be limited to one or two pages when possible. A banyan, also spelled “banian”, is a fig that begins its life as an epiphyte, i. Like other fig species, including the common edible fig Ficus carica, banyans bear multiple fruit in structures denominated “syncarps”. The syncarp of Ficus species supplies shelter and food for fig wasps and, in turn, the trees are totally dependent on the fig wasps for pollination. Frugivore birds disperse the seeds of banyans.

The seeds are small, and because most banyans grow in woodlands, a seedling that germinates on the ground is unlikely to survive. However, many seeds fall on the branches and stems of other trees or on human edifices, and when they germinate they grow roots down toward the ground and consequently may envelop part of the host tree or edifice. The leaves of the banyan tree are large, leathery, glossy, green, and elliptical. Like most figs, the leaf bud is covered by two large scales. As the leaf develops the scales abscise. Young leaves have an attractive reddish tinge. Older banyan trees are characterized by aerial prop roots that mature into thick, woody trunks, which can become indistinguishable from the primary trunk with age.

Old trees can spread laterally by using these prop roots to grow over a wide area. In some species, the prop roots develop over a considerable area that resembles a grove of trees, with every trunk connected directly or indirectly to the primary trunk. In a banyan that envelops its host tree, the mesh of roots growing around the latter eventually applies considerable pressure to and commonly kills it. Such an enveloped, dead tree eventually decomposes, so that the banyan becomes a “columnar tree” with a hollow, central core. In jungles, such hollows are very desirable shelters to many animals.

The name was originally given to F. In the Gujarati language, banya means “grocer or merchant”, not “tree”. The Portuguese picked up the word to refer specifically to Hindu merchants, and passed it along to the English as early as 1599 with the same meaning. By 1634, English writers began to tell of the banyan tree, a tree under which Hindu merchants conducted their business. Over time, the name became generalized to all strangler figs of the Urostigma subgenus. Central America and northern South America, from southern Mexico south to Paraguay.

Florida, the Caribbean Islands, Central America, and South America south to Paraguay. One theory is that the Portuguese name for F. Florida and the Caribbean Islands, and distinguished from the above by its coarser leaf venation. Due to the complex structure of the roots and extensive branching, the banyan is used as a subject specimen in penjing and bonsai. The oldest, living bonsai in Taiwan is a 240-year-old banyan tree housed in Tainan. The banyan tree is the national tree of India.

Many people come to sit, natural History Guide To American Samoa. Plant Cultures: Banyan tree history and botany, it is present in the Indian Botanical Gardens and is more than 200 years old. This page was last edited on 23 March 2018, it is the National tree of the Republic of India. Due to the complex structure of the roots and extensive branching, wikimedia Commons has media related to Banyans. The Chamorro people believe in tales of taotaomona, ghost stories: Taotaomona, the branches of the Banyan tree.

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