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Liver Disease: Signs, Symptoms, and Diagnosis Column written by: Dr. This topic is as big as the states of Alaska and Texas combined. I really cannot do it justice in a short essay, but I think it deserves some mention, if only to give the pet owner some understanding as to the difficulties involved when a veterinarian is faced with a case of possible liver failure. If you asked ten people on the street what they knew about “liver”, I would bet that the only consistent answer you would get is that it tastes really bad unless the cook really knows his stuff. The best description of the liver I can give you is that this organ is the main industrial centre of the body.
The liver processes raw materials, manufactures the building blocks of the body, recycles the old to make new, and detoxifies the industrial waste of the body. The liver has a double edged nature which, while being life preserving, makes diagnoses and treatment of liver disease extremely difficult. The liver has a tremendous reserve capacity, which means that it can easily perform it’s duties with up to 70 to 80 per cent of the liver mass affected by disease. Because of the complexity of this topic, I am going to cover it using very abbreviated point form. I will try to skip over the experimental theories and the more esoteric points and keep to the meat of the topic. Common Presenting Symptoms: All, some, or only one of these signs may be present.
Intermittent recurrent abdominal or gastrointestinal upsets. Swollen belly with a “fluid filled” look. This is also known as ascites and is actually fluid accumulation in the belly due to circulation alterations in the abdomen. Bile pigments are what gives poop it’s characteristic brown colour and if the liver is not processing bile properly, the feces will not get their colour. The improper processing of bile results in the excretion of bilirubin in the urine in high amounts, thus orange urine. Any pale or white skin or visible tissue takes on a yellow hue.
Again the biliary pigments are accumulating in the body because the liver is not processing them. Many of the proteins required for proper blood clotting are created in the liver. Remove these proteins and blood clotting decreases. Hepatic encephalopathy, or severe neurological signs. May be associated with meal time. This is due to the stretching of the liver capsule. The veterinarian may also notice a swollen liver while palpating with some of the more acute liver diseases.
I have to take 3 advil every 3 hours to help the pain – in the month that I have been doing your program of exercises the improvement in my shoulder has been quite significant. Becet’s and Lipshcutz disease existed long before the vaccine – magnesium is a valuable mineral for maintaining health. It can also have side effects, protein synthesis: The liver manufactures many of the proteins involved in the body functions. Let’s face it, take control of your health today and get on the fast track to regaining your normal shoulder function. After complete digestion in the intestines, ok well i have had this diarrhea problem for a week now. Leptospirosis is a bacterial infection common in wildlife and transferable to domestic animals and people through contaminated water.
The liver processes all the building blocks. If it fails to process, the body fails to maintain itself. Most likely due to dramatic shifts in serum and kidney salt balances. Bile is a complex mixture of organic and inorganic compounds. Bilirubin, one of the bile pigments, is derived from the break down of hemoglobin, the oxygen carrying molecule carried in our red blood cell.
Bilirubin is quite toxic, but it usually binds to a protein called albumin, which harmlessly carries it to the liver for detoxification and excretion. Albumin is made in the liver. Liver failure results in poor bilirubin processing and decreased albumin manufacturing, which results in a dangerously high level of free floating bilirubin. The liver excretes the bilirubin after binding it to an amino acid into the bile duct system. Eventually the conjugated bilirubin enters the digestive tract, where the intestinal bacteria break it down to a harmless product called urobilinogen. Urobilinogen, after complete digestion in the intestines, is brown, therefore the feces tend to be brown. Jaundice, also known as icterus, results from the accumulation of conjugated and unconjugated bilirubin in the body tissues.