Please forward this error screen to 185. Home to a huge breadth and depth of knowledge and expertise ranging from the medieval period to the current century and covering every major world economy. We are one of the largest specialist departments in the country, with 25 full- and part-time time teachers, as well as visiting academics and researchers. LSE is a private company limited by guarantee, regional economics book pdf number 70527.
OECD Factbook 2013 is a comprehensive and dynamic statistical annual publication from the OECD. More than 100 indicators cover a wide range of areas, including this year’s focus topic: gender. The Polish economy is expanding rapidly and living standards continue to rise, catching up with those in other OECD countries. To sustain this trend Poland needs to invest further in skills and infrastructure and develop its capacity to innovate. Producer price indices in manufacturing measure the rate of change in prices of products sold as they leave the producer.
They exclude any taxes, transport and trade margins that the purchaser may have to pay. Declining inflation in many countries over the past few decades at the same time as rising global competition has led to a debate on the importance of globalisation for domestic inflation. Oil shale economics deals with the economic feasibility of oil shale extraction and processing. The economic feasibility of oil shale is highly dependent on the price of conventional oil, and the assumption that the price will remain at a certain level for some time to come. As a developing fuel source the production and processing costs for oil shale are high due to the small nature of the projects and the specialist technology involved. Due to the volatile prices and high capital costs few deposits can be exploited economically without subsidies. 25 per barrel, although there is no recent confirmation of the latter figure.
4 per barrel, including capital costs and operation costs over a projected 30-year lifetime. However, the project has been suspended due to environmental concerns. The new 100,000 tonnes shale oil per year retort built by VKG cost EEK 1. The article stated that coal liquefaction was less expensive, generated more oil, and created fewer environmental impacts than oil shale extraction. The value of the EROEI for oil shale is difficult to calculate for a number of reasons. Lack of reliable studies of modern oil shale processes, poor or undocumented methodology and a limited number of operational facilities are the main reasons. A 1984 study estimated the EROEI of the different oil shale deposits to vary between 0.
Development of oil shale resources will require significant quantities of water for mine and plant operations, reclamation, supporting infrastructure, and associated economic growth. Above-ground retorting typically consumes between one and five barrels of water per barrel of produced shale oil, depending on technology. These numbers include water requirements for power generation for in-situ heating processes, retorting, refining, reclamation, dust control and on-site worker demands. The largest deposit of oil shale in the United States is in the Green River basin.