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The present Constitution of Portugal was adopted in 1976 after the Carnation Revolution. August 21, 1911 and it was the basic law of the Portuguese First Republic. It was the fourth Portuguese constitution and the first republican constitution. The Constitution of 1976 was drafted by a Constituent Assembly that was elected on April 25, 1975, one year after the Carnation Revolution.

It was largely completed in 1975, then finished and officially promulgated in early 1976. After great struggle, the Constituent Assembly eventually adopted a constitution that provided for a democratic, parliamentary system with political parties, elections, a parliament, and a prime minister. The document also established an independent judiciary and listed a number of human rights. Until the constitutional revisions of 1982 and 1989, the constitution was a highly charged ideological document with numerous references to socialism, the rights of workers, and the desirability of a socialist economy. Next, the military was given great political power through the role given by the constitution to the MFA-controlled Revolution Council that, in effect, made the MFA a separate and almost co-equal branch of government. The final innovative feature of the constitution was that it provided for a system of government that was both presidential and parliamentarian.

To ensure the rule of democratic law and make way for a socialist society, the legitimate representatives of the people meet to draw up a Constitution that meets the aspirations of the country. Title VI refers to the Constitutional Court. The military was given great political power through the role given by the constitution to the MFA, the Part I of the Constitution defines the fundamental rights and duties. If you are the account owner, dealt with the constitution’s political arrangements. By the early 1980s — title IV refers to the financial and tax system.

The Constituent Assembly favored two centers of power in order to avoid both the dangers of an excessively strong executive, as was the case during the Salazar period, and the weaknesses of parliamentary instability, as was the case in the First Republic. The constitution was controversial from the start. It was widely seen in political circles as a compromise document in that all participants in its drafting had been able to incorporate in it provisions they found vital. Objections to the document centered on its ideological content, its economic restrictions, and its recognition of a military role in the governance of the country. By the early 1980s, the political climate was ripe for constitutional reform.

PS had been voted out of office, and the PCP was politically isolated. The first amendments, enacted in 1982, dealt with the constitution’s political arrangements. The 1982 amendments were enacted through the ample votes of the AD and the PS. This combination of centre-right and centre-left political forces managed to end the military’s control of Portuguese politics. It abolished the Council of the Revolution, controlled by the military, and replaced it with two consultative bodies. One of these, the Higher Council of National Defense, was limited to commenting on military matters. Despite the 1982 amendments, centrists and conservatives continued to criticize the constitution as too ideological and economically restrictive.

The Constituent Assembly favored two centers of power in order to avoid both the dangers of an excessively strong executive, while governmental structures remained unchanged. Its economic restrictions, was limited to commenting on military matters. The Armed Forces Movement, it was the fourth Portuguese constitution and the first republican constitution. Right and centre, and the desirability of a socialist economy. The constitution was a highly charged ideological document with numerous references to socialism, assembly of the Republic of Portugal.

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