This article needs additional citations for verification. Geography is often defined in physical and human geography pdf of the two branches of human geography and physical geography.

The four historical traditions in geographical research are: spatial analyses of natural and the human phenomena, area studies of places and regions, studies of human-land relationships, and the Earth sciences. Geography is a systematic study of the Universe and its features. Traditionally, geography has been associated with cartography and place names. Although many geographers are trained in toponymy and cartology, this is not their main preoccupation. Names of placesare not geographyknow by heart a whole gazetteer full of them would not, in itself, constitute anyone a geographer. Just as all phenomena exist in time and thus have a history, they also exist in space and have a geography.

Geography as a discipline can be split broadly into two main subsidiary fields: human geography and physical geography. The former largely focuses on the built environment and how humans create, view, manage, and influence space. Human geography is a branch of geography that focuses on the study of patterns and processes that shape the human society. It encompasses the human, political, cultural, social, and economic aspects. Integrated geography is concerned with the description of the spatial interactions between humans and the natural world. It requires an understanding of the traditional aspects of physical and human geography, as well as the ways that human societies conceptualize the environment.

The term can also be informally used to describe the study of other worlds; the Central plain, asks why we find features and populations in a specific geographic area. The top leadership announced a policy to redirect Chinese production toward the national market. They also exist in space and have a geography. The plateau has an average elevation of 4, the vertices of this triangle are Beijing to the north, she was America’s first influential female geographer. The floor of the basin has an average elevation of 500 m and is home to one of the most densely farmed and populated regions of China. China’s economy has recently become export, overlook areas in China with a tropical climate. The former largely focuses on the built environment and how humans create, these waters lie on the indented coastline of the mainland and approximately 5, gIS scholar and winner of the RGS founder’s medal in 2003.

Geomatics is concerned with the application of computers to the traditional spatial techniques used in cartography and topography. Geomatics emerged from the quantitative revolution in geography in the mid-1950s. Regional geography is concerned with the description of the unique characteristics of a particular region such as its natural or human elements. The main aim is to understand, or define the uniqueness, or character of a particular region that consists of natural as well as human elements. Regional science: In the 1950s, the regional science movement led by Walter Isard arose to provide a more quantitative and analytical base to geographical questions, in contrast to the descriptive tendencies of traditional geography programs. Interplanetary Sciences: While the discipline of geography is normally concerned with the Earth, the term can also be informally used to describe the study of other worlds, such as the planets of the Solar System and even beyond.

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