Cette échelle perceived stress scale pdf l’état de stress perçu en permettant au sujet d’estimer ses capacités à contrôler ou non une situation. Tout comprendre sur le bruit – 36881 vues. For generations, commentators have worried about the impact of technology on people’s stress.
Trains and industrial machinery were seen as noisy disruptors of pastoral village life that put people on edge. Telephones interrupted quiet times in homes. Watches and clocks added to the de-humanizing time pressures on factory workers to be productive. Inevitably, the critics have shifted their focus onto digital technology. There has been considerable commentary about whether internet use in general and social media use in particular are related to higher levels of stress. 1 Such analysts often suggest that it is the heaviest users of these technologies that are most at risk. This research explores whether the use of social media, mobile phones and the internet is associated with higher levels of stress.
There are a number of well-known factors that tend to make people feel more stress, including things like the economic uncertainty of unemployment, and the absence of a spouse or a partner with whom to confide. Previous studies have even found that awareness of stressful events in others’ lives is a major contributor to people’s appraisal of their own stress levels. The relationship of frequent use of digital technologies to stress has been an unknown. At the same time, the data show there are circumstances under which the social use of digital technology increases awareness of stressful events in the lives of others. Stress is not associated with the frequency of people’s technology use, or even how many friends users have on social media platforms.
How can it be that social media use is not directly associated with stress, but for some, social media use can still lead to higher levels of stress? The answer: The relationship between stress and social media use is indirect. It is the social uses of digital technologies, and the way they increase awareness of distressing events in others’ lives, that explains how the use of social media can result in users feeling more stress. He or she is also likely to use other digital technologies, such as email and text messaging. All these technologies allow him or her to share information with friends and family in the form of photos, short textual messages and other contacts. As a result of this communication, he or she is aware and reminded of more activities in the lives of friends and family. On the one hand, there are benefits from this contact.
On the other hand, there is the common exception to this relatively positive situation. Sometimes, a social media user’s awareness of events in others’ lives includes knowledge about undesirable events, a friend or family member getting fired or losing someone close to them. Learning of such events in the life of a friend or family member can result in higher feelings of stress. In sum, social media users are not any more likely to feel stress than others, but there is a subgroup of social media users who are more aware of stressful events in their friends’ lives and this subgroup of social media users does feel more stress. Gender differences are a major part of this story. Overall, women tend to report more stress than men. But, those women who use a number of digital technologies to communicate with others tend to report less stress than women who do not use these technologies.
Women are more aware of stressful events in the lives of their closest friends and family. Social media use is related to even higher levels of awareness of the stressful events that unfold in the lives of people they know. Awareness of stressful events in others’ lives is a significant contributor to people’s own stress. It is the only factor that we found that is common to both social media use and psychological stress. The number of undesirable events associated with stress is greater for women than for men. Elaborating on the Major Findings Overall, women tend to report more stress than men. Because men and women tend to experience stress differently, we ran each of our analyses separately for men and for women.