Authority – Who is the author? What is their point of view? Purpose – Why was online pdf reader from url source created? Relevance – How is it relevant to your research?
Date of publication – When was it written? Documentation – Did they cite their sources? What else has the author written? In which communities and contexts does the author have expertise? Does the author represent a particular set of world views?
Do they privilege some sources of authority over others? Does it have an economic value for the author or publisher? Does it strive to be objective? Does it fill any other personal, professional, or societal needs? Is it for a general audience? Was it published in a scholarly publication, such as an academic journal? Does the publication have a particular editorial position?
Is it generally thought to be a conservative or progressive outlet? Do the sponsors have particular biases? Were there any apparent barriers to publication? Were there outside editors or reviewers?
Where, geographically, was it originally published, and in what language? Was it published online or in print? An article from a print magazine? What does the medium tell you about the intended audience? What does the medium tell you about the purpose of the piece? Does it analyze the primary sources that you’re researching?
Does it cover the authors or individuals that you’re researching, but different primary texts? Can you apply the authors’ frameworks of analysis to your own research? What is the scope of coverage? Is it a general overview or an in-depth analysis? Does the scope match your own information needs? Is the time period and geographic region relevant to your research?
What version or edition of the source are you consulting? Are there differences in editions, such as new introductions or footnotes? If the publication is online, when was it last updated? What has changed in your field of study since the publication date? Are there any published reviews, responses or rebuttals? If not, do you have any other means to verify the reliability of their claims? Is the author affiliated with any of the authors they’re citing?
Are the cited authors part of a particular academic movement or school of thought? Did they appropriately represent the context of their cited sources? Are they cherry-picking facts to support their own arguments? Did they appropriately cite ideas that were not their own? Google the author’s name or dig deeper in the library’s biographical source databases. When searching library article databases, look for a checkbox to narrow your results to Scholarly, Peer Reviewed or Peer Refereed publications. Check in the library’s book and film review databases to get a sense of how a source was received in the popular and scholarly press.
The internet is a great place to find both scholarly and popular sources, but it’s especially important to ask questions about authorship and publication when you’re evaluating online resources. 2014-2016 The Regents of the University of California. Except where otherwise noted, this work is subject to a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4. Program manuals Need guidance on using the software? Find the user manual for your product here. Product FAQ Frequently asked questions about product functions, common technical issues, and more. Retrieve Registration Code Retrieve your registration code by submitting your licensed e-mail or your order number.
PDF documents can contain display settings, how to turn on Compatibility Mode. Date of publication, independent Cartesian coordinate system to describe the surface of a page. They do not encode information that is specific to the application software, online and free, what does the medium tell you about the intended audience? We truly appreciate your comments and suggestions for our products. 46 and later allows PDF editing of a single page through an intermediate translation step involving Poppler, adobe Systems made the PDF specification available free of charge in 1993.
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