Executive summary Cybercrime: an overview of incidents and issues in Intellectual property issues in cyberspace pdf is the RCMP’s first report on cybercrime, and focuses on aspects of the cybercrime environment that affect Canada’s public organizations, businesses and citizens in real and harmful ways. This report covers a broad range of criminal offences where the Internet and information technologies are used to carry out illegal activities. It describes select crimes in Canada’s digital landscape to show the rising technical complexity, sophistication and expansion of cybercrime.
While difficult to measure, these crimes show no sign of slowing in Canada. Internet and information technologies are instrumental in the commission of a crime, such as those involving fraud, identity theft, intellectual property infringements, money laundering, drug trafficking, human trafficking, organized crime activities, child sexual exploitation or cyber bullying. These categories are examined in this report through examples and law enforcement case studies involving recent cybercrime threats. Technology creates new opportunities for criminals.
Online markets and Internet-facing devices provide the same opportunities and benefits for serious and organized criminal networks as they do for legitimate businesses. Once considered the domain of criminals with specialized skills, cybercrime activities have expanded to other offenders as the requisite know-how becomes more accessible. Cybercrime requires new ways of policing. This report and future versions will inform Canadians of criminal threats and trends in cyberspace, and law enforcement efforts to combat them.
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It includes technically advanced crimes that exploit vulnerabilities found in digital technologies. Description of image in tabular format follows. These categories account for the widespread criminal exploitation of new and emerging technologies. They enable the RCMP to address serious and organized crimes where offenders use technology to extend the reach of their traditional activities, and to identify new criminal activities that unfold in tandem with technological advancements. Technology-as-target and technology-as-instrument cybercrimes should not be interpreted as mutually exclusive. Cybercrime is on the rise Cybercrime is difficult to measure and often goes unreported to law enforcement agencies. However, RCMP statistics suggest that cybercrime continues to grow in Canada.
In 2012, the RCMP received nearly 4,000 reported incidents of cybercrime: an increase of over 800 reported incidents from 2011. In both years, technology-as-instrument cybercrimes accounted for the majority of reported incidents. Description of graph in tabular format follows. These figures only tell part of the story.
Other studies and reports show increases in select aspects of Canada’s cybercrime environment. Canada’s trusted source for reporting and mitigating online mass marketing fraud. However, cybercrime does not have to be financially motivated to have a devastating impact on victims. Online child sexual exploitation is a prime example.
9,000 reported incidents and requests for assistance from law enforcement and other partners concerning online child sexual exploitation. Canada and internationally to combat the online sexual exploitation of children. Cybercrime threats and case studies The following examples and case studies show the range of offences that fall under the RCMP’s definition of cybercrime, and how governments, businesses and citizens can be victimized by cybercrime in different ways. Technology-as-target cybercrimes Technology-as-target cybercrimes are considered to be ‘pure’ forms of cybercrime as they did not exist prior to the advent of the Internet and related technologies. These crimes apply to Canada’s Criminal Code offences involving the unauthorized use of computers and mischief in relation to data. They center on exploiting software or other information technology vulnerabilities for criminal purposes.