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Please forward this error screen to 41. If you want to read the English book online, head to Chapter 1. To download PDFs, use the links below. All books are available for downloads as pdfs, and are free.
Print versions of the book are also available from Flipkart in India and Amazon in the US. You may also be interested in Chanakya’s other book, the Arthashastra in English and Sanskrit. Be sure to check out the public domain books page for more puranas, epics and other interesting books to download. The Lord Shiva app is a one-stop guide to Lord Shiva. Get chants, stories, temples, wallpapers and more. The Spiritual Quote of the Day App includes quotes from Mahatma Gandhi, Swami Vivekananda, Gautama Buddha and many more great beings. The Authenticity of Chanakya Niti Certain Western scholars often bring up the contradictions between Megasthenes works on the Mauryan Empire under Chandragupta, and the works of the Chanakya Niti and Arthashastra as written by Chanakya.
Sometimes, this argument is used to prove that Chanakya did not in fact exist, and that Chanakya was in fact a real individual. He was named Vishnugupta, and belonged to the Kutala clan and was thus also called Kautilya. Among the public institutions examined by Stein are first the roads. The length from west to east as far as Palibothra can be stated with greater certainty, for the royal road is measured by schoni, and is in length 10,000 stadia. The Greek expression in the Indika means the Indian raja marga or royal road.
And it is argued that in the Kautilya the road which goes from west to east is not the royal road but the high road which is a trade route. In the opinion of Schwanbeck, the schoemis which with Eratosthenes coincides with the Indian measurement of distance, yojana, is a measure of 40 stadia of four krosas. While we do not meet with the term krosa as an official measurement in the Arthashastra, the term is not unknown to Ashokan inscriptions. It is argued that whereas the Arthashastra mentions measurements of landed property of the village perhaps for purposes of taxation, Megasthenes seems to refer to a general measurement of lands in vogue. Scholars like Law and Mookerjee have accepted the theory that the measurement of land was in practice in Ancient India. The Chanakya Niti on Farming 4.
He interprets it as any waterway that could be shut up. We can accept Stein’s interpretation as it well fits in with the use of the term in the Arthashastra — setubandhas. Stein next examines the mention of the two crops in the course of the year by Megasthenes who speaks also of the fertility of the soil and a double rainfall, one in the winter season and the other in summer. Wheat, rice, sesame and millet are mentioned.
Megasthenes who had heard of the agricultural industry from report — because there is no statement that he went into the country-parts outside the Capital -— could not furnish more details than these. The fragments of Megasthenes refer to Pataliputra and its fortification. In the Arthashastra however there is no mention of Pataliputra. Megasthenes also speaks of several cities situated on the banks of rivers or on the sea-coast built of wood instead of brick and of cities on other commanding situations built of brick and mud. Strabo on the other hand mentions wooden buildings all round, which is not a fact. An attempt has been made by Stein to compare the description of Pataliputra with that found in the Chanakya Niti.