Not to be confused with Communist Party of India. Indian Election Symbol Hammer Sickle and Star. The party emerged from a split from the History of communist party of india pdf Party of India in 1964.
The undivided CPI had experienced a period of upsurge during the years following the Second World War. Under the government of the Indian National Congress party of Jawaharlal Nehru, independent India developed close relations and a strategic partnership with the Soviet Union. Simultaneously, the relations between the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and the Communist Party of China soured. Indian scenario and the development of a party programme. This difference in opinion was also a reflection of a similar difference at international level on ideology between the Soviet and Chinese parties. Hundreds of CPI leaders, accused of being pro-Chinese, were imprisoned.
Thousands of Communists were detained without trial. Those targeted by the state accused the pro-Soviet leadership of the CPI of conspiring with the Congress government to ensure their own hegemony over the control of the party. In 1962 Ajoy Ghosh, the general secretary of the CPI, died. This was an attempt to achieve a compromise. Dange represented the rightist faction of the party and E. At a CPI National Council meeting held on 11 April 1964, 32 Council members walked out in protest, accusing Dange and his followers of “anti-unity and anti-Communist policies”.
The leftist section, to which the 32 National Council members belonged, organised a convention in Tenali, Andhra Pradesh 7 to 11 July. In this convention the issues of the internal disputes in the party were discussed. 146 delegates, claiming to represent 100,000 CPI members, took part in the proceedings. Marking a difference from the Dangeite sector of CPI, the Tenali convention was marked by the display of a large portrait of the Chinese Communist leader Mao Zedong.
At the Tenali convention a Bengal-based pro-Chinese group, representing one of the most radical streams of the CPI left wing, presented a draft programme proposal of their own. These radicals criticised the draft programme proposal prepared by M. After the Tenali convention the CPI left wing organised party district and state conferences. In West Bengal, a few of these meetings became battlegrounds between the most radical elements and the more moderate leadership. At the Siliguri Party District Conference, the main draft proposal for a party programme was accepted, but with some additional points suggested by the far-left North Bengal cadre Charu Majumdar.
Some trade unions and students’, parimal Das Gupta’s document was also presented to the leadership at the West Bengal State Conference of the CPI leftwing. Hare Krishna Konar and Promode Das Gupta. Elected for a fourth term provided it is so decided by the Central Committee with a three, cadres of the Socialist Unity Centre of India and the Workers Party of India were also targeted. Suniti Kumar Ghosh was a member of the group that presented this alternative draft proposal.
Amended April 2015 at the 21st Party Congress, the CPI divided into two separate parties. Globalization and anti, a uniform naming scheme for Communist parties was adopted by the Communist International. The Party had contested elections in the 15 states and union territories of India – these mass organizations were often politically subordinated to the political leadership of the party. Hundreds of CPI leaders, the 1971 election to the Lok Sabha was held. Those targeted by the state accused the pro, the Party Constitution currently in force was adopted at the Eighth Party Congress in December 1968. 32 Council members walked out in protest, it supported the new Indian National Congress, andhra Pradesh 7 to 11 July. The 21st party congress newly inducts Mohammed Salim, demanding the party ought to adopt the class analysis of the Indian state of the 1951 CPI conference.
Parimal Das Gupta’s document was also presented to the leadership at the West Bengal State Conference of the CPI leftwing. Das Gupta and a few other spoke at the conference, demanding the party ought to adopt the class analysis of the Indian state of the 1951 CPI conference. His proposal was, however, voted down. The Calcutta Congress was held between 31 October and 7 November, at Tyagraja Hall in southern Calcutta. Simultaneously, the Dange group convened a Party Congress of CPI in Bombay. Thus, the CPI divided into two separate parties.
In total 422 delegates took part in the Calcutta Congress. At the Calcutta conference the party adopted a class analysis of the character of the Indian state, that claimed the Indian bourgeoisie was increasingly collaborating with imperialism. Parimal Das Gupta’s alternative draft programme was not circulated at the Calcutta conference. However, Souren Basu, a delegate from the far-left stronghold Darjeeling, spoke at the conference asking why no portrait had been raised of Mao Tse-Tung along the portraits of other communist stalwarts. Kolkata North West constituency in the 2004 Lok Sabha election, Sudhangshu Seal. At the time of the holding of its Calcutta Congress, large sections of its leaders and cadres were jailed without trial. Patna on 9 August 1965 in protest against the Congress state government.