A benevolent dictatorship is a form of government in which an authoritarian leader exercises absolute political power over the state but does so for the benefit of the population as a whole. Many dictators’ from dictatorship to democracy pdf portray themselves as benevolent, often tending to regard democratic regimes as messy, inefficient and corrupt. The idea of benevolent dictator has a long history. We may leave out of consideration those backward states of society in which the race itself may be considered as in its nonage.
Benevolent dictator was also a popular rhetoric in the early 20th century as a support for colonial rulings. A British colonial official called Lord Hailey said in 1940s “A new conception of our relationshipmay emerge as part of the movement for the betterment of the backward peoples of the world. Hailey conceived economic development as a justification for colonial power. In the Spanish language, the pun word dictablanda is sometimes used for a dictatorship conserving some of the liberties and mechanisms of democracy. The pun is that, in Spanish, dictadura is “dictatorship”, dura is “hard” and blanda is “soft”. Analogously, the same pun is made in Portuguese as ditabranda or ditamole. Mancur Olson characterized benevolent dictators as “not like the wolf that preys on the elk, but more like the rancher who makes sure his cattle are protected and are given water”.
This analogy helps explain the seemingly contradictory motivations for benevolence. During his leadership of the Turkish War of Independence from 1919 to 1922 and his presidency from 1923 to 1938, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk is credited with removing foreign influence from former Ottoman territory, and is looked fondly upon as the founder of modern Turkey. Known to be the man who transformed Singapore from a poor agrarian society into one of Asia’s wealthiest nations, Lee Kuan Yew is often called a ‘benevolent dictator. He is also credited with extensively funding education, health care, and environmental policies. The Curtain Rises: Oral Histories of the Fall of Communism in Eastern Europe.
All Yugoslavs had educational opportunities, jobs, food, and housing regardless of nationality. Tito, seen by most as a benevolent dictator, brought peaceful co-existence to the Balkan region, a region historically synonymous with factionalism. Group Psychotherapy and Political Reality: A Two-Way Mirror. Bosnia-Herzegovina: The End of a Legacy.
Accommodating National Identity: New Approaches in International and Domestic Law. Obituary: Lee Kuan Yew, the benevolent dictator”. Lee Kuan Yew leaves a legacy of authoritarian pragmatism”. Lee Kuan Yew: An entirely exceptional leader who balanced authoritarianism with pragmatism”. This page was last edited on 26 March 2018, at 22:24. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page.
This article needs additional citations for verification. This article’s lead section does not adequately summarize key points of its contents. Democracy may be criticized as economically inefficient, politically unrealistic, dysfunctional, morally corrupt or sociopolitically suboptimal. Democracy is also subject to criticism from pro-democratic thought that tends to acknowledge its flaws but stresses a lack of appealing alternatives. An example is Winston Churchill who remarked, “No one pretends that democracy is perfect or all-wise.
Indeed, it has been said that democracy is the worst form of government except all those other forms that have been tried from time to time. Economist Donald Wittman has written numerous works attempting to counter criticisms of democracy common among his colleagues. He argues democracy is efficient based on the premise of rational voters, competitive elections, and relatively low political transactions costs. Economist Bryan Caplan argues that, while Wittman makes strong arguments for the latter two points, the first is vitiated by the insurmountable evidence for voter irrationality. Such a system could result in a wealth disparity or racial discrimination.
Voters may not be educated enough to exercise their democratic rights prudently. Politicians may take advantage of voters’ irrationality, and compete more in the field of public relations and tactics, than in ideology. One such argument is that the benefits of a specialized society may be compromised by democracy. As ordinary citizens are encouraged to take part in the political life of the country, they have the power to directly influence the outcome of government policies through the democratic procedures of voting, campaigning and the use of press. Additionally, some political scientists question the notion that majority rule is an “uncontested good. If we base our critique on the definition of democracy as governance based on the will of the majority, there can be some foreseeable consequences to this form of rule. Machiavelli put the idea that democracies will tend to cater to the whims of the people, who follow false ideas to entertain themselves, squander their reserves, and do not deal with potential threats to their rule until it is too late.
However Machiavelli’s definition of democracy was narrower than the current one. Many modern democracies that have separation of powers are claimed to represent these kinds of hybrid governments. Some have tried to argue that the Coase Theorem applies to political markets as well. Daron Acemoglu, however, provides evidence to the contrary, claiming that the Coase Theorem is only valid while there are “rules of the game,” so to speak, that are being enforced by the government. More recently, democracy is criticized for not offering enough political stability. As governments are frequently elected on and off there tend to be frequent changes in the policies of democratic countries both domestically and internationally.