Snail farming is not a new concept. From the prehistoric age, human has been consuming snail meat because of its high rate of protein, iron, low fat, and including almost all the amino acid which is needed for human body. Basically snails originated from wild life they are considered as good food and source of nutrition. Cattle farming in south africa pdf snail farming an open pasture should select where suitable plants are grown for feed and shelter.
Basically any kinds of shed are not used. At the time of selecting a site for snail farming the main concern should given to the prevailing wind that is essential to dry out the soil. A farmer have to concentrate to eliminate predatory insects and pests. For this reason soil analysis and ensuring growing leafy, green vegetable crops are urgent. It is said that friable soil with PH 5. The soil structure should be light because clay soil is inappropriate for egg lying and moving. Besides, plants and snail should keep moist by night time dew, rain or collected misting.
Snail can move more easily on moist, leaves and ground and that is why they can eat more and grow faster. Proper drainage system is necessary because no water should remain on ground in puddles. Rain water and collected irrigation is also important for snail farming. Generally the size of a farm may be varied or depends on the category of grower.
Cottage industry or the people who start from his hobby can utilize around 1000 to 2000 meters area. On the other hand, the people who start as a small business can use, average around 3000 to 10,000 squares meters area. If a farmer wants to start in a large scale, he has to take at least 2 hectors area and must increase this area with the increasing of his business up to 30 hectors. There are different kinds of snailery can be built. In this regards, some factors have to take in consideration. Firstly, the snails stage of development and snails habit.
The most important matter is that snailery must be an escape proof and be effective against predators and it permits easy entree to the trend snails. Generally the most of the species of snail are vegetarian and they accept many kinds of feed. Different types of feed that is favored by the most investigated species, Achatina achatina, and the diet that is recommended to the farmers who is rearing this species, described here. Basically it prefers green leaves, fruits, tubers and flowers. Unlike other species it favors leaves and fruits which are separated from main plant. Snails prefer wet leaves to dry leaves.
The recommended feed items are below. Leaves: Cocoyam, kola, bokoboko, paw paw, cassava, okra, eggplant, loofa, etc. Fruits: Pawpaw, mango, banana, pear, oil palm, fig tomato etc. Tubers: Cocoyam, cassava, yam, sweet, potato and plantain.
Besides these feeds, a farmer should provide nutrition rich feeds that enhance the growth of snails. In this regards farmers can provide mixture feed. Snails are a unique animal which has both male and female reproductive organs, in short hermaphrodites. In spite of being hermaphrodites, they do intercourse with another snail of same species before laying eggs. Some snails act as males one season and in another season as females and fertilize each other simultaneously. The mating of snails occurs only when they become mature or adult enough.