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Download free audio lessons to your computer or mp3 player and start learning Arabic instantly. To learn more languages, please visit our complete collection of Free Language Lessons. Scroll down to the second set of lessons on this page. We’re hoping to rely on our loyal readers rather than erratic ads.
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Each of these forms have letters and vowels that are added to the root form which alters the meaning of the root verb in variety of different ways. Professor Ghada Osman at San Diego State University was kind enough to record all the verb sounds for us. Note: this chart is quite large and will take a few moments to load all the sound files for most connections. Also, since the chart loads in Flash it may not work on some mobile devices.
Below are some brief explanations of how each of the form variations differ from and relate to the meaning of the root form. Further resources on this topic can be found at the bottom of this page. This form conveys the standard or basic meaning of the root verb. It is roughly similar to the English infinitive.
To know علم in form 1 becomes to teach علّم in form 2. To smash كسّر in form 2 is the more intense version of the root verb to break كسر. This verb form is transitive or relates to another. For example the root verb to be safe سلم in the third form becomes to make peace with someone سالم. To become known علن in form 1 becomes to disclose something to someone عالن in form 3. To dictate أكتب in form 4 instead of just to write كتب in form 1. To be good صلح in form 1 versus to put in the order أصلح in form 4.
This form can also be related to different parts of the day. To observe رقب in form 1 becomes to anticipate ترقب in form 5. To be destroyed تنقض in form 5 versus to destroy نقض in Form 1. The sixth form is reflexive or passive of form 3.
The verb to be fast سرع in form 1 becomes to rush or to hurry تسارع in form 6. To work عمل in form 1 becomes to do business with تعامل in form 6. The seventh form is passive of form 1. To tie عقد in form 1 becomes to be knit together اعقد in form 7. To break فجر becomes to explode or detonate انفجر in Form 7.
The eighth form is reflexive for nuances and can convey doing something with detail or intentionally. For example to hear سمع in form 1 becomes to listen استمع in form 8. To acknowledge اعترف in form 8 instead of just to know عرف in form 1. Examples include احمر which means to turn red and اعوج which means to be twisted. The tenth form conveys a meaning of seeking an action or quality of form 1.
It can also mean to consider something to be such. To increase زاد in form 1 becomes to try to achieve more استزاد in form 10. To be safe سلم in form 1 becomes to surrender استسلم in form 10. If you are interested in learning more about the 10 Arabic verb forms below are the references used for creating this page. Arabic verb conjugations are slightly different in some Arabic speaking countries due to dialectic differences. A New Arabic Grammar of the Written Language. Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, 1994.
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